You can smell festivity in the air and devotion on faces because it is the festival of Eid after the month long fast of Ramzan! Observed annually by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (sawm), Ramzan is followed by the entire Muslim community in order to get closer to God and to remind them and live the life of the less fortunate ones.
Did you know that the word Ramzan comes from a translated version of Ramadan, which is derived from the Arabic root ramida or ar-ramad, which means scorching heat or dryness ? Because the time right now is of peak summer and that makes this fasting even more difficult and challenging to follow.
Though Ramzan is followed and celebrated in all the areas of Jaipur, the festival’s real sheen is seen in the walled city, especially Ramganj Bazaar. The market was named Ramganj after Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II who was the one to bring modernization in the architecture of Jaipur. The name Ramganj, Ram + Ganj (meaning area) reaffirms that this area is the soul of the city as it houses the oldest mosques that smoothly blend in the wise architecture of the walled city of Jaipur. Along with a plethora of mosques, the city’s most authentic Mughal cuisines are found in Ramganj Bazaar and the nearby lanes (galiyan). Ramganj Bazaar is equivalent to the Char Minar of Hyderabad & Jama Masjid of Delhi.
But how exactly do they go about the fasting?
Every Muslim, mostly after he/she turns 12, considers it their farz (duty) to fast during Ramzan but are excused in case of special circumstances like illness, pregnancy, travel etc. Ramzan is the ninth pillar of Islam and is practiced in reverence of Allah. The month generally consists of 29-30 days depending on the visual sightings of crescent moon and all the followers follow the timetable of Mecca. They eat before 4 a.m. and post that, they don’t eat or drink anything throughout the day, including water. The meal that they have in the morning is called Sehri. As the day proceeds, they recite namaaz at mosque (masjid) in the evening and at around 7:15 i.e. after sunset, they open their fast with something natural like fruits, dates (khajur), milk, water – basically anything which isn’t cooked over fire. Dates are popularly eaten to open the roza for their distinguishing quality of providing instant energy after a day full of fasting. The meal served in the evening is called Suhoor or Iftaar.
After Iftaar, the devotees visit Masjid at around 9 p.m. where Quran is recited for around 1.5 hours and all the people sit there listening to it. After 29 or 30 days, i.e today, the Eid-Al-Fitr celebrations are in full swing when mosques are decorated, the lanes are dazzling in lights and folks visit each other to wish and exchange sweets especially Sevayian Kheer as it’s also known as Meethi Eid. The night of spotting the moon and ending the fasts is known as ‘Chaand Raat’ or the night of the moon 🙂
Eid Mubarak 🙂