Tag Archives: Bagru Block Printing

First Integrated Textile Park in Jaipur

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Rejoice textile lovers! Jaipur, known as the centre hub of Textile now has its own Textile Park called “Jaipur Integrated TEXCRAFT Park Pvt. Ltd.” The Park is being created to prevent and control the pollution caused in Sanganer and nearby areas due to the chemical disposition from dyeing and painting of clothes in a large scale in the area. Spread across the area of 23.42 acre land in RICCO Industrial Area phase II, the TEXCRAFT Park aims to provide world class infrastructure and state of the art facilities to approx 20 unit holders with around 4 thousand artisans under one roof. the park has been set up with the combined efforts of a group of hand block printers and the endeavor has been to upscale and promote the traditional technologies keeping in line the modern needs and usage.It would facilitate city’s mini, micro and large textile companies for the production of textile and craft materials at one centre hub.

The park infrastructure is highly environment friendly with the additional facilities of water recycling that would ensure 90% of recycled water to be reused. Besides, a centre pond is also constructed for Rain Water Harvesting and that water would also be used for dyeing and painting at the Park.

Inaugurated by the Union minister for textiles Dr Kavuru Sambasiva Rao on Wednesday, July24, 2013, the Jaipur TEXCRAFT Park would also host Textile Training Programmes, Seminars, Workshops, Block Print and skill development programmes and designing programmes to benefit more and more aspiring artists in the country. Interestingly, now the families of traditional block printers in Sanganer would join this park and start their printing work from here itself.

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The Jaipur TEXCRAFT Park certainly is a commendable initiative for big textile companies to work under one roof. It has open employment opportunities for women, direct employment to 4000 persons and indirect employment to 12,000 . And most important the park would also help in controlling the pollution.

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BAGRU Prints- A Journey through the Mazes of Block Printing!

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“The process of hand block printing includes artisans to soak carved wooden blocks in different colors and then paste them on the fabric thus creating some magical wonder on the piece of cloth. Bagru prints brings you an exquisite collection of floral prints and designs made in vegetable colour, which is the specialty of Rajasthan block printing”
 

Are you in love with that floral and leaves motifs? Do you want to know from where they originated?? So we got to tell you….

 32 kilometers east of Jaipur city is a small village called Bagru, where there is a hum of activity in the field of hand block printing on textiles, using traditionally patterned blocks, and rich natural colours. The main colours of Bagru prints are Red and Black. The printed fabric can be dyed in different colour variations as per requirement.

 Bagru printing process goes through a series of interesting steps before it reaches you.

Initially, fabric, usually, cotton is cut into required size and then pre washed and soaked for at least 24 hours to remove starch and dust out of it. The fabric is then dyed in the ‘Harda’ solution, which allows dye to adhere to the fabric. The yellow died fabric is then dried under ample sunshine so that it develops a yellowish beige color making the fabric ready for the printing. The fabric is finally moved to long padded printing tables and printing is always done from left to right. The printer gently taps the wooden block in the tray of dyed colors and then carefully applied to the fabric ensuring its uniform distribution. The process is repeated again and again with rehk(fine outlines), daata(inside filling) and gadh block (background). After the printing is completed, the fabric is allowed to dry for at least 2-3 days before it can be rinsed. Then the printed fabric is boiled and stirred in a copper pot to get rid of dirt present in the fabric.

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The block printing is manual process and blocks impression prints in repeated form expects little different placement of next block, which is the main beauty of Bagru Hand Block Printing that contributes to the natural elegance of the piece.

For the purpose of creating motifs printers use various natural objects like neem leaves, rose petals, chili, and dhaniya ki bel (coriander sprig). These motifs have changed over the time. Traditionally, ‘Bagru Motifs’ are bolder and more geometrical in nature. Bagru prints are used for making kurtas, shirts, quilts, bed sheets etc.

As a matter of fact, ‘Bagru prints are famous for being environment friendly. Even, today artisans use vegetable dyes like pomegranate for red color, turmeric for yellow and so on. Bagru print I s acclaimed all over India.

Hand block printing has seen a major revival over the past two decades. It is craft that has been handed down generations but with the propensity towards industry, traditional printers are fewer in number.

India is today in the fashion forefront in the world. Foreign buyers have been greatly attracted by traditional hand printed textiles, the export trade has been so consistent that traditional printers are kept busy even today and hand block printing has extended itself to non-traditional centres like Delhi, Bombay, Madras and Bangalore.

Now the next time you are visiting Rajasthan, make sure to add Bagru in your itinerary to acknowledge the centuries old tradition of real printing process and also to observe ‘behind the scenes’ of hand block printing.